Nailed at last? N27bn Halliburton scam: IBB, Abdulsalami, Diya, 77 others indicted

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EIGHTY PERSONS, foreigners and Nigerians, the living and the dead, among them four former Heads of State and two of their wives, as well as former Governors and Ministers – indeed the top echelons of the country’s political and military establishments, including technocrats – have been indicted by the United States law enforcement officials over the N27 billion Halliburton bribery scandal.

Among the foreigners are Jack Chagoury, Gilbert Chagoury, and T.W. Oerlemans, an Australian; but they are rather small fish compared with indicted former Nigerian Heads of State Ibrahim Babangida, Sani Abacha, Ernest Shonekan, and Abdulsalami Abubakar.


Maryam, the late wife of Babangida; Mariam, the wife of the late Abacha, and his son, the late Ibrahim, are included; likewise Mike Akhigbe, the second in command in the Abdulsalami junta; former Abia State Governor, Orji Kalu; and former military Governors of Rivers State, Anthony Ukpo and Samuel Ewang.


Also among the dead are Abdulkadir Ahmed, former Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor; and renowned economist, Pius Okigbo, who headed the probe panel on the Gulf Crude Oil Excess sales set up by the CBN in 1994.


But among those alive are former Petroleum Minister, Rilwanu Lukman, and newly re-appointed National Security Adviser, Aliyu Gusau. (See full list).


According to the report of the investigators, the 80 persons received part of the N27 billion bribe facilitated by foreign contractors for Halliburton to get the contract to build the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) plant, Africa’s first, in Bonny, Rivers State.


The scandal dates back to 1994 when some foreign companies put up bids for the construction of the plant that was to cost $6 billion.


To win the contract, a joint venture company, named TSKJ, was set up – comprising equal holdings between some companies, Technip (French), Sanmprogetti (Italian), KBR (U.S.), and part of the Halliburton group and Japanese engineering and construction company, JGC.


The investigators said the consortium bribed political leaders and top government functionaries through Tri-Star Investment Limited and Marubeni Inc.


They also recruited British lawyer, Jeffery Tesler, to co-ordinate the affairs of Tri-Star, as well as Wojciech Chodan, an American, to co-ordinate the affairs of Marubeni.


TSKJ mandated Tri-Star to solely take charge of bribing Nigerian officials at senior level, Marubeni was restricted to bribing junior level officials.


Tesler disclosed in a court deposition that TSKJ mandated both companies to bribe the officials.


As part of the investigation, the Swiss Justice Department followed the steps of the Police Judiciare of France, which in 2003, started an investigation that revealed fraudulent Halliburton payments to Tesler.


In the U.S., KBR and Halliburton have admitted to violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) by engaging in a decade-long bribing scheme to secure contracts in Nigeria.


Both agreed to pay a combined fine of $579 million to settle criminal and civil charges brought by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of Justice.



Those Indicted



  1. Ibrahim Babangida



  2. Maryam Babangida



  3. Ernest Shonekan



  4. Abubakar Abdulsalami



  5. M. D. Yusufu


  7. T.W. Oerlemans



  8. Pius Okigbo



  9. Aminu Saleh



  10. Don Etiebet



  11. Aliyu Mohammed Gusau



  12. Edmund Daukoru



  13. Victoria Ihonde



  14. Toyin Olakunrin



  15. Gilbert Temisan Grant



  16. Gabriel Abolade Soyoye



  17. Patrick Dele-Cole



  18. E. Ihetu



  19. Onya (NNPC personnel)



  20. Sani Abacha



  21. Joshua Dogonyaro



  22. John Shagaya



  23. U. J. Itsueli



  24. Ombu Isokariari



  25. G.O. Ejiga



  26. Babagana Kingibe



  27. Hakeem Bello-Osagie



  28. J.O. Maduka



  29. Sena Anthony



  30. Dalhatu A. Bayero



  31. Ogenyi (NNPC official)



  32. I. Dapchi



  33. M.A. Olorunfemi



  34. Wilfred C. Eze



  35. Umar Baba


  36. Orji Kalu



  37. Jeremiah Useni



  38. Abba Gana



  39. Ibrahim Abacha



  40. Oladipo Diya


  42. Chamberlain O. Oyibo



  43. Judith Attah



  44. Abdulkadir Ahmed



  45. Anthony Ani



  46. O.O. Okwara



  47. Philip Asiodu



  48. Endo (Marubeni Nigeria)



  49. Hamman Tukur



  50. S.J. Ollerearnshaw



  51. Dan Etete



  52. B. Soyode



  53. Akin Ogunleye



  54. Tom Ikimi



  55. Gidado Idris



  56. Sola Alabi



  57. Ismaila Gwarzo



  58. Mariam Abacha



  59. Halilu Akilu



  60. Abdullahi Mohammed



  61. Hamza El-Mustapha



  62. Ibrahim Aliyu



  63. Edmund Ayoola



  64. Anthony Ukpo



  65. Samuel Ewang



  66. Ismaila Usman



  67. Tunde Soleye



  68. Christ Akerele



  69. Umaru Shinkafi



  70. Philip Chukwu



  71. Bunu Sherrif Musa



  72. Rilwan Lukman



  73. Aret Adams



  74. Mike Akhigbe



  75. Faruk Iya



  76. Hassan Adamu



  77. Prince Nzekwe



  78. Gen. Adeyosun



  79. Jasper Jumbo



  80. Jack Chagoury


  81. Gilbert Chagoury


  82. Mohammed Atikua
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