Nailed at last? N27bn Halliburton scam: IBB, Abdulsalami, Diya, 77 others indicted

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EIGHTY PERSONS, foreigners and Nigerians, the living and the dead, among them four former Heads of State and two of their wives, as well as former Governors and Ministers – indeed the top echelons of the country’s political and military establishments, including technocrats – have been indicted by the United States law enforcement officials over the N27 billion Halliburton bribery scandal.

Among the foreigners are Jack Chagoury, Gilbert Chagoury, and T.W. Oerlemans, an Australian; but they are rather small fish compared with indicted former Nigerian Heads of State Ibrahim Babangida, Sani Abacha, Ernest Shonekan, and Abdulsalami Abubakar.

 

Maryam, the late wife of Babangida; Mariam, the wife of the late Abacha, and his son, the late Ibrahim, are included; likewise Mike Akhigbe, the second in command in the Abdulsalami junta; former Abia State Governor, Orji Kalu; and former military Governors of Rivers State, Anthony Ukpo and Samuel Ewang.

 

Also among the dead are Abdulkadir Ahmed, former Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor; and renowned economist, Pius Okigbo, who headed the probe panel on the Gulf Crude Oil Excess sales set up by the CBN in 1994.

 

But among those alive are former Petroleum Minister, Rilwanu Lukman, and newly re-appointed National Security Adviser, Aliyu Gusau. (See full list).

 

According to the report of the investigators, the 80 persons received part of the N27 billion bribe facilitated by foreign contractors for Halliburton to get the contract to build the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) plant, Africa’s first, in Bonny, Rivers State.

 

The scandal dates back to 1994 when some foreign companies put up bids for the construction of the plant that was to cost $6 billion.

 

To win the contract, a joint venture company, named TSKJ, was set up – comprising equal holdings between some companies, Technip (French), Sanmprogetti (Italian), KBR (U.S.), and part of the Halliburton group and Japanese engineering and construction company, JGC.

 

The investigators said the consortium bribed political leaders and top government functionaries through Tri-Star Investment Limited and Marubeni Inc.

 

They also recruited British lawyer, Jeffery Tesler, to co-ordinate the affairs of Tri-Star, as well as Wojciech Chodan, an American, to co-ordinate the affairs of Marubeni.

 

TSKJ mandated Tri-Star to solely take charge of bribing Nigerian officials at senior level, Marubeni was restricted to bribing junior level officials.

 

Tesler disclosed in a court deposition that TSKJ mandated both companies to bribe the officials.

 

As part of the investigation, the Swiss Justice Department followed the steps of the Police Judiciare of France, which in 2003, started an investigation that revealed fraudulent Halliburton payments to Tesler.

 

In the U.S., KBR and Halliburton have admitted to violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) by engaging in a decade-long bribing scheme to secure contracts in Nigeria.

 

Both agreed to pay a combined fine of $579 million to settle criminal and civil charges brought by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of Justice.

 

 

Those Indicted

 

 

  1. Ibrahim Babangida

     

     

  2. Maryam Babangida

     

     

  3. Ernest Shonekan

     

     

  4. Abubakar Abdulsalami

     

     

  5. M. D. Yusufu
  6.  

     

  7. T.W. Oerlemans

     

     

  8. Pius Okigbo

     

     

  9. Aminu Saleh

     

     

  10. Don Etiebet

     

     

  11. Aliyu Mohammed Gusau

     

     

  12. Edmund Daukoru

     

     

  13. Victoria Ihonde

     

     

  14. Toyin Olakunrin

     

     

  15. Gilbert Temisan Grant

     

     

  16. Gabriel Abolade Soyoye

     

     

  17. Patrick Dele-Cole

     

     

  18. E. Ihetu

     

     

  19. Onya (NNPC personnel)

     

     

  20. Sani Abacha

     

     

  21. Joshua Dogonyaro

     

     

  22. John Shagaya

     

     

  23. U. J. Itsueli

     

     

  24. Ombu Isokariari

     

     

  25. G.O. Ejiga

     

     

  26. Babagana Kingibe

     

     

  27. Hakeem Bello-Osagie

     

     

  28. J.O. Maduka

     

     

  29. Sena Anthony

     

     

  30. Dalhatu A. Bayero

     

     

  31. Ogenyi (NNPC official)

     

     

  32. I. Dapchi

     

     

  33. M.A. Olorunfemi

     

     

  34. Wilfred C. Eze

     

     

  35. Umar Baba

     

  36. Orji Kalu

     

     

  37. Jeremiah Useni

     

     

  38. Abba Gana

     

     

  39. Ibrahim Abacha

     

     

  40. Oladipo Diya
  41.  

     

  42. Chamberlain O. Oyibo

     

     

  43. Judith Attah

     

     

  44. Abdulkadir Ahmed

     

     

  45. Anthony Ani

     

     

  46. O.O. Okwara

     

     

  47. Philip Asiodu

     

     

  48. Endo (Marubeni Nigeria)

     

     

  49. Hamman Tukur

     

     

  50. S.J. Ollerearnshaw

     

     

  51. Dan Etete

     

     

  52. B. Soyode

     

     

  53. Akin Ogunleye

     

     

  54. Tom Ikimi

     

     

  55. Gidado Idris

     

     

  56. Sola Alabi

     

     

  57. Ismaila Gwarzo

     

     

  58. Mariam Abacha

     

     

  59. Halilu Akilu

     

     

  60. Abdullahi Mohammed

     

     

  61. Hamza El-Mustapha

     

     

  62. Ibrahim Aliyu

     

     

  63. Edmund Ayoola

     

     

  64. Anthony Ukpo

     

     

  65. Samuel Ewang

     

     

  66. Ismaila Usman

     

     

  67. Tunde Soleye

     

     

  68. Christ Akerele

     

     

  69. Umaru Shinkafi

     

     

  70. Philip Chukwu

     

     

  71. Bunu Sherrif Musa

     

     

  72. Rilwan Lukman

     

     

  73. Aret Adams

     

     

  74. Mike Akhigbe

     

     

  75. Faruk Iya

     

     

  76. Hassan Adamu

     

     

  77. Prince Nzekwe

     

     

  78. Gen. Adeyosun

     

     

  79. Jasper Jumbo

     

     

  80. Jack Chagoury

     

  81. Gilbert Chagoury

     

  82. Mohammed Atikua
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