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Fact Check: Nigeria not ranked world's third most terrorised country in 2020





A popular Nigerian social media influencer posted on Facebook a viral infographic published by TVC claiming Nigeria has been ranked third most terrorised country in the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) 2020.

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Verdict: Misleading. The infographic claiming Nigeria has been ranked third most terrorised country in the Global Terrorism Index 2020 is misleading.

The GTI for 2020 has not been released. What's being circulated is the 2019 report.

Report claiming Nigeria ranked third in Global Terrorism Index 2020 misleading

A screenshot of the infographic claiming Nigeria has been ranked third most terrorised country in 2020. Source: TVC
Source: UGC

Full Text

Television Continental (TVC), a private television station, claimed in one of its programmes, Journalists Hangout, that Nigeria has emerged “the most terrorist country in Africa, ranked worse than Syria, Yemen, Somalia, and Pakistan”.

The programme was aired on Thursday, September 10.

The host of the programme claimed: “Nigeria now ranks third among the most terrorised countries in the world according to the latest report by the Global Terrorism Index."

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Few minutes into the programme, an infographic was shown titled “Global Terrorism Index 2020” with a list of the top 10 most terrorised countries in the world.

The infographic subsequently went viral on social media.

On Saturday, September 12, Deji Adeyanju, a popular Nigerian social media influencer, posted the infographic on his Facebook page.

According to the infographic, Afghanistan is the most terrorised country in the world, followed by Iraq. Nigeria occupied the third position while Syria and Pakistan occupied the fourth and fifth spots respectively.

As of Wednesday, September 16, the picture has been shared over 300 times with over 200 comments.

Also, Chidi Odinkalu, former chairman of the National Human Rights Commission, has shared the infographic on Twitter.

Verification

To verify the authenticity of the report, Legit.ng conducted a keyword search which linked the claim to the Global Terrorism Index published in November 2019.

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The Global Terrorism Index is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), "using data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) and other sources".

In 2019, the GTI ranked Nigeria the third most terrorised country in the world, a position the most populous African country has retained since 2015.

The GTI reports from 2015 to 2018 can also be found here, here, here and here.

The 2019 report was published here by The Guardian. In addition, ThisDay newspaper published it lately in July 2020; albeit without indicating the year in its headline.

Meanwhile, a closer look at the TVC infographic indicates that the index erroneously tagged 2020 was the one published in November 2019.

Legit.ng further reached out to Institute of Economics and Peace, the publisher of GTI, to ascertain whether or not it has published the 2020 report.

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"The Global Terrorism Index 2020 will be released in November 2020 on a date still to be confirmed," the institute said via email.

Conclusion

The report claiming Nigeria has been ranked third most terrorised country in 2020 is misleading.

The Global Terrorism Index for 2020 is yet to be released. The news being circulated as a 2020 report had been published since 2019.

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Chuka (Webby) Aniemeka
Chuka (Webby) Aniemeka

Chuka is an experienced certified web developer with an extensive background in computer science and 18+ years in web design &development. His previous experience ranges from redesigning existing website to solving complex technical problems with object-oriented programming. Very experienced with Microsoft SQL Server, PHP and advanced JavaScript. He loves to travel and watch movies.

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