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Prophet's Birthday: history of the holiday, when is it in 2020?





The Prophet's Birthday is an important occasion for Islamic believers. The event is used to celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, who is the founder of Islam. Believers around the world celebrate the event in varied ways, including sharing with the poor and congregating in mosques.

Prophet Muhammad birthday

Kanzul Eman Mosque illuminated with colorful decoration lights for the 2020 celebrations for Mawlid an-Nabawī. Photo: Muhammad Sabir Mazhar
Source: Getty Images

Similar to other religions, Muslims have a religious calendar. The calendar outlines special events to be celebrated by its believers. Among the events outlined in the Islamic calendar is the Prophet's Birthday, also known as Milad Un Nabi.

The holiday goes by many names. It is also known as Milad un-Nabi, Eid-e-Milad un-Nabi or Mawlid an-Nabawī.

Some Islamic believers do not approve of the festival. They argue from the perspective of the Quran and Sunnah that it is Bid’ah, an innovation in religion. Even so, you may want to learn more about the festival and its significance in the world of the Muslim faith.

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When was Prophet Muhammad born?

The prophet was born around 570 AD in Mecca, which became to be known as Saudi Arabia. He was born into a humble but respectable family. The family belonged to the Quraysh tribe, which was actively involved in trade and politics.

Origin of Prophet's Birthday

Who started celebrating Mawlid? The event dates back to the early days of Islam – the 11th century. It started in Egypt with the Shi’i Fāṭimids, who are the descendants of Ali (The fourth Imam).

The festival attracted a considerable number of Muslims who gathered for prayers at al-Azar mosque. They also read from the Quran. Later, they interacted with underprivileged people, mosque guards, and other religious officials to share specially prepared sweets.

Initially, the day was used to commemorate four Mawlids – Muhammad, Ali, Fāṭimah, and the ruling caliph. In 1207, Muẓaffar al-Dīn Gökburi oversaw the preparation and celebration of the festival in Erbil, a few kilometres away from Iraq.

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Spreading of the festival

Milad un Nabi

Representatives of various Islamic religious sects parade through Cairo to the mosque of Al Azhar to mark the birthday of the Prophet Mohammed. Photo: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis
Source: Getty Images

Eid Milad un Nabi started to gain significance with time. The Sufi missionaries, in particular, began to spread it to other parts of the world such as East Africa.

Between 1254 and 1517, the Mamluk sultans joined them. They made Mawlid alNabi lively by decorating the streets of Cairo with swath cloths and lamps. Unlike in previous celebrations, they enhanced the festival. For instance, they invited entertainers and gave presents to people in the form of money and clothes.

During the 15th century, the Sufi community went a notch higher with the festival. They started to erect outdoor tents in public places. People assembled in the tent and later held processions accompanied by army officials. Similarly, they gave away gifts in the form of clothes and money.

Unlike in the previous centuries, the Sufi faced a few challenges, especially from the sultans. They got rid of their tents. However, that did not stop them from celebrating and popularizing Mawlid al-Nabi. They extended their invitations to kings – all the kings who ruled Egypt from 1936 to 1952.

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Universal acceptance of the holiday

Eventually, they managed to persuade more Muslim believers to join them in celebrating the birthday of Allah’s prophet. Currently, more than 40 countries around the world converge in mosques and other religious places to observe Muhammad’s birthday.

It is now an official holiday in the majority of Muslim nations. One more thing, the festival can last up to 30 days. Muslims mark the celebration with food, prayers, recitations, and exchanging gifts.

Opposition from within

Muslims are divided into two major sects, that is, the Sunni and Shi’ite. Sunni is the largest group within Islam. Normally, they rely on the consensus of the community. In other words, they are guided by the authority of the first four caliphs – Ali being one of them.

On the other hand, the Shi’ites recognize the authority of direct descendants of Muhammad through Fatma and Ali. To them, imams are pure – sinless and errorless.

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When is Prophet Muhammad Birthday in 2020?

Prophet's birthday

Muslim believers at the Lagos State Secretariat Central Mosque shrine in Lagos, Nigeria celebrating Mawlid alnabi. Photo: Olukayode Jaiyeola
Source: Getty Images

Usually, his birthdays take place during Rabīʽ al-Awthe wal – the third month in the Islamic calendar. The occasion is, precisely, marked on the 12th day of Rabiul Awwal.

The dates may differ from one year to another. For instance, in 2019, the festival began on 9th November, and it lasted for a month. Also, different countries celebrate on different dates.

In 2020, the festival will begin on 29th October.

Some countries have already made the holiday public to its Muslim believers. Mosques and other religious places of worship are already decorated with lights.

However, in some countries, the occasion might be a little bit different, considering the increasing cases of COVID-19 infections. People may not be allowed to interact freely as it has been the case in previous years.

How do Muslims celebrate Eid Miladun Nabi?

This is an essential religious affair for the Muslims. Primarily, they honour the birth of Muhammad, who revolutionized the religious scene and introduced Islam.

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Below is how they celebrate the Prophet's Birthday:

1. Praying

Usually, the festival starts with morning prayers. Afterwards, they head to religious places of worship.

2. Procession

Some Muslims walk in large masses in the street to mark His birth. Processions are fun because they are spiced with hymn songs. In some instances, they can erect tents or booths in the streets for night-time entertainment. They also chant praises to Allah.

3. Congregating in mosques

Believers gather in mosques to listen to special recitations as recorded in the Quran. The recitations/mawlids talk about the life of the prophet - his teachings, sufferings, and the examples he set for his followers before his death. Again, they say prayers to Allah.

4. Narrating stories to children

Mawlid

Muslims gather at Kayiboyu Mosque to mark Mawlid al-Nabi in 2020. Photo: Tayyib Hosbas
Source: Getty Images

Children gather in the mosque to listen to stories about the prophet of Allah. They learn the stories of his birth. For instance, they learn more about 7,000 angels who visited his mother at birth. They brought with them a golden vessel containing dew that was used for bathing the young Muhammad.

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5. Feasting

This is another critical part of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday. Special foods prepared during the day include hummus, candy dolls, roasted red pepper, rice, roasted chicken, and crushed nuts and honey, among many others.

6. Donations

Often, the Islamic faith encourages sharing and donations. Back at home, Muslims give away gifts to underprivileged people as well as neighbors.

Indeed, the Prophet's Birthday is an important day in the Islamic calendar. Muslims all over the world congregate to celebrate the event in a special way. However, some believers within the religion consider the holiday a Bid'ah.

READ ALSO: What is Eid al-Adha and why do we celebrate it?

Legit.ng shared an informative article about Eid al-Adha and its significance. It is a feast of sacrifice which takes place on the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar. Often, it is commemorated by slaughtering a goat, lamb, or goat.

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The holiday originated from Abraham’s unselfish act when he was asked to sacrifice his only son. His willingness to sacrifice Ismail teaches Muslims more about freedom from selfish desires. It is also a day of remembrance – helps them to remember the needy and deceased.

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Chuka (Webby) Aniemeka
Chuka (Webby) Aniemeka

Chuka is an experienced certified web developer with an extensive background in computer science and 18+ years in web design &development. His previous experience ranges from redesigning existing website to solving complex technical problems with object-oriented programming. Very experienced with Microsoft SQL Server, PHP and advanced JavaScript. He loves to travel and watch movies.

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